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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-14

Evaluation of daily anti-tubercular treatment in osteoarticular tuberculosis

Department of Orthopaedics, ESIC-Postgraduate Institute of Medical Science, ESI Hospital, Ring Road, Basaidarapur, New Delhi 110015, India

Correspondence Address:
Lakhwani Omprakash
Department of Orthopaedics, ESI-Postgraduate Institute of Medical Science, ESI Hospital, Ring Road, Basaidarapur, New Delhi 110015
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijors.ijors_1_22

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Background: Management of osteoarticular tuberculosis is primarily based on pulmonary tuberculosis guidelines. Guidelines usually do not take into consideration specific organ system affection, though tube pathology and healing of affected organ is not the same. Therefore, routine guidelines are difficult to follow in osteoarticular tuberculosis and many treatment regimes are in vague. Therefore, routine tuberculosis (TB) treatment is not followed, and many regimes are in vague. The current study is undertaken to objectively evaluate daily drug regime in osteoarticular TB and has specific guidelines. Materials and Methods: Drug-sensitive osteoarticular TB cases were evaluated for daily anti-tubercular treatment (ATT) guided by clinical and radiological healing. Patients were categorized based on stage, severity, and site of infection. Vitamin C and iron were also included in the daily treatment regime. Ethambutol was included in the continuation phase. Outcomes in terms of radiological healing and duration of daily regimen were studied. Results: All patients at 6 months of daily ATT showed clinical improvement but persistent disease on imaging. On magnetic resonance imaging, 16 out of 52 patients showed worsening at 6 months. Earliest healing appeared at 8 months. Healing appears to be faster in surgically treated patients. There was no relapse till the shortest follow-up of 2 years. Conclusion: The directly observed treatment strategy (DOTS), three times a week, is enough in osteoarticular TB. Daily drug with a minimum duration of 9 months is necessary. Diagnosis is usually delayed due to deep-seated infections, hence advance diagnosis modalities and high index of suspicion help. The study does not encounter any case of drug resistance. Addition of vitamin C appears to increase effectiveness of drugs. Duration of ATT should be determined by the pre-treatment disease activity and response to ATT.

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